National sign language: Mimic-Gestural Language, LMG (Romanian “Limbaj Mimico-Gestual”).
How many people use LMG : around 30,000.
Do exist descriptions of LMG available? A dictionary.
Is the LMG legally recognised? Yes, since 2002.
Are there schools for the deaf in the country? Many. First school: 1831.
Bilingual education for the deaf available? Information not available.
Are there deaf associations? Many. First association: 1919.
Are there certified sign language interpreters? Yes.
UN-Convention and its Protocol already signed and ratified? The Protocol is still to be ratified.
Apparently not a single name is used for the national sign language in Romania. In internet is mostly used the name limbaj Mimico-Gestual, LMG ("Mimic-Gestural Language"), but other names are commonly found as well, such as Limbaj Mimico-Gestual romanesc (Romanian Mimic-Gestural Language), limbajul semnelor (sign language), limbajul semnelor in România (sign language in Romania) and limbajul semnelor Română (Romanian Sign Language). In this article, we will use the more comon of these names: LMG.
Following figures estimated by the ANSR (National Association of the Deaf), approximately 30.000 hearing impaired people use the LMG (Wikipedia, Limbajul_semnelor). THe LMG was recognised by a Law passed in 2002.
There is little information available on linguistic descriptions of the LMG. In the web there is a LMG dictionary, das Dictionar de limbaj mimico-gestual.
According to Bickford (2005:13) there is at least one deaf association in every major city in Romania (for a total of 18 local associations). They are organised around the Asociația Națională a Surzilor din România ("ANSR"), the national association, which represents Romania in the World Federation of the Deaf.
1831: the first school for the deaf in the coutry is founded in Dumbrăveni (Moldovan 2010).
1919: Foundation of the first association of deaf people in the country, the Asociația Amicală a Surdo-Muților din România (Association of Friends of the Deaf-mutes in Romania).
1936: The Bucharest city government hires deaf people as traffic policemen. The information appeared on March, 14th, 1937 in the Sunday edition of the British newspaper "The Observer" (the article was entitled "Deaf mutes as policemen. Street brawling stopped"). According to the text, deaf policemen were the solution found by the authorities to end the constant disputes between drivers and officers on the street, when violators of the recently approved traffic laws were stopped and fined.
1953 The Asociația Amicală a Surdo-Muților din România changed its name for Asociația Națională a Surzilor din România (ANSR, National Deaf Association of Romania).
2002: A law recognising the LMG is passed (Law Nr. 519, Art. 15) on July the 12th, 2002 (ANIALMG, Romania Country Report 2010, In EFSLI -European Forum of Sign Language Interpreters).
There is a long tradition in deaf education in the country. The first schools for the deaf were founded by teachers trained in the French pedagogical tradition (Moldovan 2010).
According to Bickford (2005:13) there are in Romania 11 schools for the deaf. We do not have information about the pedagogical approach followed in those schools.
UN-Convention: Romania signed the UN Convention in 2007 and ratified it on Januar, 31st 2011. The corresponding protocol has not been ratified (UN-Enable).
Availability of easy-to-read-texts: no information available.
Accesible media: no information available.
Sign language interpreters: According to the sources consulted there are in Romania certified sign language interpreters. Their certification is carried out both by the ANSR as well as by the Romanian Ministry of Justice (Romania Country Report 2010).
There is a national association of sign language interpreters, the Asociaţia Naţională a Interpreţilor Autorizaţi în limbaj Mimico-Gestual (ANIALMG). The ANIALMG offers training courses for LMG interpreters.
© Deaf-atlas, 2013